Almost side by side in the Piazza dei Miracoli Pisa's main attractions await the visitor. The Leaning Tower, Duomo, Baptistery and much more
If you have the time, buy a combined ticket and see a number of the attractions at a lower unit cost.
The tower was completed over the next few centuries - the seventh floor in the 1319 and the bell chamber in 1372.
When adding the additional floors, the floors were made higher on one side to help compensate for the tilt.
Over the course of the following centuries many efforts were made to stop or reverse the tilt. Between 1991 and 2001 a program of restoration was set about to help strenghten the tower.
If you dont have the opportunity to stay in Pisa, it can be visited by train ( 40 minutes ) from Florence. There is a regular train and bus service.
Things to note
East End - on a high column rising from the gable is a replica of the Pisa Griffin, the largest Islamic metal sculpture known.
In the galleries above the doors statues of Madonna and Child and the Four evangelists can be seen (above the four rows of open galleries ).
The main door replaces the original which was destroyed in fire in 1595.
The wikipedia article below describes the architecture.
The mosaic of Christ in Majesty, in the apse, flanked by the Blessed Virgin and St. John the Evangelist, survived the fire of 1595.
The carved pulpit (1302–1310) was made by Giovanni Pisano and fortunately survived the fire, though was only rediscovered having been packed away and stored for over 400 years.
The bones of St. Ranieri, Pisa's patron saint, and the tomb of the Holy Roman Emperor Henry VII are in the church.
The baptistery is dedicated to St. John the Baptist.
On the lower lintel there are scenes depicting several episodes in the life of St. John the Baptist.
The upper lintel shows Christ between the Madonna and St John the Baptist, flanked by angels and the evangelists.
The interior is very large, but for all its size its layout is simple and lacks decoration or works of art.
There are 7 bells in the tower, tuned to musical scale
Going clockwise the bells are
1 L'Assunta, cast in 1654 by Giovanni Pietro Orlandi, weight 3,620 kg
2 Il Crocifisso, cast in 1572 by Vincenzo Possenti, weight 2,462 kg
3 San Ranieri, cast in 1719–1721 by Giovanni Andrea Moreni, weight 1,448 kg
4 La Terza (1st small one), cast in 1473, weight 300 kg
5 La Pasquereccia or La Giustizia, cast in 1262 by Lotteringo, weight 1,014 kg
6 Il Vespruccio (2nd small one), cast in the 14th century and again in 1501 by Nicola di Jacopo, weight 1,000 kg
7 Dal Pozzo, cast in 1606 and again in 2004, weight 652 kg
Apparently the soil in the cemetry was shipped from Golgotha in the 12th century during the crusades, hence the its name - holy field.
The buildings dated back to the following century, haven been built over the cemetry.
Currently there are 84 Roman scultures within the walls, though this is a small number compared with a few centuries ago.
After touring the main sights, take a relaxing stroll along the banks of the River Arno.
The river divides the city in two, the Leaning Tower and Duomo to the north and the railway station and commercial centre to the south.
Relax in one of Pisa's most famous squares.
Around 1550, the square become the headquarters of the Order of the Knights of St. Stephen, today it is a centre of learning and part of the University of Pisa.
After visiting the Leaning Tower - try an Italian shopping experience on Via Garibaldi
Apart from the leaning tower the following are worth visiting.
Knights' Square (Piazza dei Cavalieri)
In the squarem The Church of Santo Stefano dei Cavalieri, by Vasari.
Church of San Frediano, built by 1061
A full list is include in the wikipedia article below