The port of Dover is located at the shortest crossing of the English Channel to France.
The port has a back drop of chalk cliffs, giving rise to the White Cliffs of Dover.
Due to its proximity to the European Continent landmass, the area has always been strategic location and seems to have been inhabited since Stone Age times.
The cliff rises over 110 metres above the sea below. The face of the cliff is predominantly white chalk, but interspersed with black flint.
The cliffs continue for miles both east and west of Dover town.
While there is to be expected normal sea erosion of the cliffs annually, large chunks have fallen into the sea in more recent years – leaving gaping holes in the cliff face. Standing too close to the cliffs can be dangerous in high winds and due to landfalls.